God’s Holy Days

New Moon:

Sabbath Day of New Moon (first of the Jewish month) Full Moon – Middle of Month

The Feast of Trumpets:

September 6th – September 8th

Rosh Hashanah will begin at sundown on September 6th and end at sundown on September 8th. The celebration is called yoma arichta, translated as “a long day,” because the 48-hour holiday is considered to be one extended day.Rosh Hashanah is like Shabbat. Lastly, Rosh Hashanah marks the start of the Jewish High Holy Days leading up to Yom Kippur.

The Day of Atonement:

September 15-September 16

Yom Kippur The purpose of Yom Kippur is to effect individual and collective purification by The practice of forgiveness of the sins of others and by sincere repentance for one’s own sins against God. The best greeting to give to someone observing Yom Kippur in English is “have an easy fast.” For those who are not fasting, but are observing the Yom Kippur, you can wish them a “Good Yuntif,” or “Yom Tov,” which are Yiddish and Hebrew, respectively, for “Have a good holy day.” Yom Kippur is considered the “Sabbath of all Sabbaths” because, not only is it a day of complete rest (no work, no driving, etc.) but it’s a day of fasting and other restrictions: no washing or bathing, no perfumes or deodorants, no wearing leather shoes, and no sex. When the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur begins at sundown on Tuesday, Sept. 18, so will traditional fasting. Those observing will commence their 25-hour fast until nightfall on Wednesday, all forms of sustenance are prohibited, including water. Not just a glass of water but the water you use to brush your teeth.

[Yom Kippur evening]

lyrics

Sh’ma koleinu, Adonai eloheinu,

hus v’raheim aleinu,

v’kabbeil b’rahamim u-v’ratzon et t’fillateinu.

Hashiveinu Adonai eilekha v’nashuvah,

hadeish yameinu k’kedem.

Al tashlikheinu mi-l’fanekha,

v’ru-ah kodsh’kha al tikah mi-menu.

Al tashlikheinu l’eit ziknah,

kikhlot koheinu al ta·azveinu.

Hear our voice, Adonai our God,

be kind, and have compassion for us.

Willingly and lovingly accept our prayer.

Turn us toward You, Adonai,

and we will return to You;

make our days seem fresh,

as they once were.

Do not cast us away from You;

take not Your holy presence from us.

Do not cast us away as we grow old;

do not desert us as our energy wanes.

Feast of Tabernacles: 

September 20-September 27

Sukkot, also spelled Sukkoth, Succoth, Sukkos, Succot, or Succos, Hebrew Sukkot (“Huts” or “Booths”) Hebrew Sukkot (“Huts” or “Booths”), Sukkot commemorates the years that the Jews spent in the desert on their way to the Promised Land, and celebrates the way in which God protected them under difficult desert conditions. Sukkot is also known as the Feast of Tabernacles, or the Feast of Booths. singular Sukka, also called Feast of Tabernacles or Feast of Booths, Jewish autumn festival of double thanksgiving that begins on the 15th day of Tishri (in September or October), five days after Yom Kippur, the Day.

Simchat Torah:

September 28 – September 29

Simchat Torah is celebrated by taking all the Torah scrolls out of the ark in synagogue and spending the evening dancing, singing, and rejoicing. The scrolls are carried around the sanctuary in seven circles called hakafot. Though only seven circles are required, the dancing and celebrating usually goes on much longer.

Chanukah: Feast of Lights

November 28 – December 6

Chanukah is an eight-day Jewish festival that commemorates the rededication of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem in the 2nd century b.c.e. It usually occurs in December but can also happen in late November and can extend into January. … More commonly, it’s referred to as the Festival of Lights (or Feast of Lights). The holiday takes place for eight nights and days, commemorating the rededication of the Holy Temple. n another allusion to the Hanukkah miracle, traditional Hanukkah foods are fried in oil. Potato pancakes (known as latkes) and jam-filled donuts (sufganiyot) are particularly popular in many Jewish households. Other Hanukkah customs include playing with four-sided spinning tops called dreidels and exchanging gifts.

Menorah:

A seven branch menorah must be part of every Jewish home and lit as sign of enlightenment and symbol to temple menorah. A Kosher Hanukah menorah is when 6 candle holders are in one line with a seventh Shamash, out of placed in height or position on the 7 branched menorah. There is a clearly defined height limit for menorahs of 32-feet-tall.

Step 1: Know Your Timing You’re supposed to light the menorah just after dark each night of Hanukkah. (However, many families wait until everyone is home together, and light it then.) On Fridays, the menorah is lit before dark to avoid lighting on Shabbat. The preferable time to light the menorah is at nightfall. The menorah should remain lit for at least 30 minutes after nightfall. On Friday afternoon, the menorah should be lit 18 minutes before sundown.* Light the shamash candle. Once the sun has set (unless it’s Friday), light the shamash candle using a match, lighter, or other flame source. It’s very important to light the shamash first. The shamash is what you will be using to light the other candles, so you should never light the other candles before it. Recite the Shehecheyanu on the first night of Chanukah.

Start the candle lighting before sunset on Friday night and use long-lasting candles so they burn for at least 30 minutes after the sun sets.

Step 2: Find Its Spot The menorah is meant to spread light to others and is traditionally placed in a window, on a table or outside your door. (Just make sure it is far from active kids and flammable materials.)

Step 3: Light the Shamash The candle that is raised or in the center of the menorah is the shamash (helper candle). It’s the one you use to light the other candles. Light it first. (Don’t use any of the other candles to light the others.)

Step 4: Say the Hanukkah Blessing You recite the Hanukkah blessing now, once the shamash is lit but before you light any other candles.

Step 5: Light Right to Left, but Left to Right There are eight candles to light. On the first night of Hanukkah, place a candle in the holder on the far right, and light it with the shamash. Then put the shamash back in its spot (leaving it lit). On the second night, light the candle second from the right, then the candle on the far right, and replace the lit shamash. You’ll repeat this pattern for each night of Hanukkah, always lighting the newest candle first. On the eighth night, you’ll be lighting all of the candles, starting at the far left.

Shehecheyanu:

                            Blessing 1:

Ba-ruch A-tah Ado-nai E-lo-he-nu Me-lech ha-olam a-sher ki-de-sha-nu be-mitz-vo-tav ve-tzi-va-nu le-had-lik ner Ha-nuk-kah.

(Blessed are You, Lord our G-d, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to kindle the Hanukkah light.).

                          Blessing 2:

Ba-ruch A-tah Ado-nai E-lo-he-nu Me-lech Ha-olam she-a-sa ni-sim la-avo-te-nu ba-ya-mim ha-hem bi-zman ha-zeh.

(Blessed are You, Lord our G-d, King of the universe, who performed miracles for our forefathers in those days, at this time.)

                       Blessing 3: (Recited only on the first night):

Ba-ruch A-tah Ado-nai E-lo-he-nu Me-lech Ha-olam she-heche-ya-nu ve-ki-yi-ma-nu ve-higi-a-nu liz-man ha-zeh.

(Blessed are You, Lord our G-d, King of the universe, who has granted us life, sustained us, and enabled us to reach this occasion.)

After lighting the menorah, it’s customary to sing “Maoz Tzur” (Rock of Ages), the timeless song of the Maccabees’ fight for freedom.

Maoz tzur y’shuati

l’cha naeh l’shabeach

Tikon beit t’filati

v’sham todah n’zabeach.

L’eit tachin matbeach

mitzar hamnabeach

Az egmor b’shir mizmor

chanukat hamizbeach

Az egmor b’shir mizmor

Hanukkat hamizbeach.

Rock of Ages let our song,

Praise thy saving power;

Thou amidst the raging foes,

Wast our sheltering tower.

Furiously they assailed us,

But Thine arm availed us

And Thy word broke their sword,

When our own strength failed us.

And Thy word broke their sword,

When our own strength failed us.